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Tenrec (Tenrecidae) Systematics

(excerpt of the Afrotherian systematics from the website of the IUCN/SSC Afrotheria Specialist Group)

The following classification has been assembled by members of the IUCN-SSC Afrotheria Specialist Group. Superscripts refer to footnotes in each section. The binomial for each species is followed by the 2008 IUCN Red List categories of threat:
[DD] = Data Deficient [VU] = Vulnerable
[LC] = Least Concern [EN] = Endangered
[NT] = Near Threatened [CR] = Critically Endangered
The common English names for all species are included to the right of the scientific names. At the end of each section are citations that support the classification.


Supercohort: Afrotheria

Order: Afrosoricida (55 species)  
Suborder: Tenrecomorpha (34 species)  
Family: Tenrecidae (34 species) tenrecs

        Subfamily: Potamogalinae

Otter shrews

              Genus: Potamogale


                    Species: Potamogale velox [LC]

Giant Otter Shrew
              Genus: Micropotamogale  

                    Species: Micropotamogale lamottei [EN]

Nimba Otter Shrew

                    Species: Micropotamogale ruwenzorii [NT]

Ruwenzori Otter Shrew

        Subfamily: Tenrecinae

Spiny tenrecs

              Genus: Echinops


                    Species: Echinops telfairi [LC]

Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec

              Genus: Hemicentetes

Streaked tenrecs

                    Species: Hemicentetes semispinosus [LC]

Lowland Streaked Tenrec

                    Species: Hemicentetes nigriceps [LC]

Highland Streaked Tenrec
              Genus: Setifer  
                    Species: Setifer setosus [LC] Greater Hedgehog Tenrec
              Genus: Tenrec  
                    Species: Tenrec ecaudatus [LC] Tail-less Tenrec
        Subfamily: Geogalinae  
                    Species: Geogale aurita [LC] Large-eared Tenrec
        Subfamily: Oryzorictinae Furred Tenrecs
              Genus: Limnogale  
                    Species: Limnogale mergulus [VU] Web-footed Tenrec
              Genus: Microgale 9  
                    Species: Microgale brevicaudata [LC] Short-tailed Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale breviceps)  
                          (syn. Paramicrogale occidentalis)  
                    Species: Microgale cowani [LC] Cowan's Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale crassipes)  
                          (syn. Microgale longirostris)  
                          (syn. Microgale cowani nigrescens)  
                    Species: Microgale dobsoni [LC] Dobson's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale drouhardi [LC] Drouhard's Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale melanorrhachis)  
                    Species: Microgale dryas [VU] Dryad Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale fotsifotsy [LC] Pale Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale gracilis [VU] Gracile shrew tenrec
                    Species: Microgale grandidieri12 [?]  
                    Species: Microgale gymnorhyncha [LC] Naked-nosed Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale jenkinsae10 [EN]  
                    Species: Microgale jobihely10 [EN]  
                    Species: Microgale longicaudata [LC] Lesser Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale prolixacaudata)  
                    Species: Microgale majori11 [LC] Major's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale monticola [VU] Montane Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale nasoloi [VU] Nasolo's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale parvula [LC] Pygmy Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale pulla)  
                    Species: Microgale principula [LC] Greater Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec
                          (syn. Microgale decaryi)  
                          (syn. Microgale sorella)  
                    Species: Microgale pusilla [LC] Least Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale soricoides [LC] Shrew-toothed Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale taiva [LC] Taiva Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale talazaci [LC] Talazac's Shrew Tenrec
                    Species: Microgale thomasi [LC] Thomas's Shrew Tenrec
              Genus: Oryzorictes Rice tenrecs
                    Species: Oryzorictes hova [LC] Mole-like Rice Tenrec
                          (syn. Oryzorictes talpoides)  
                    Species: Oryzorictes tetradactylus [DD] Four-toed Rice Tenrec

Tenrecomorpha Footnotes

9. Revised by MacPhee (1987) American Museum Novitates (2889): 1-45.; reviewed in part by Jenkins, Goodman & Raxworthy (1996) Fieldiana, Zoology (85), pp. 191-217 and Jenkins, Raxworthy & Nussbaum (1997) Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Zool.) 63: 1 - 12. Note that one more new species description is in press (2006).

10. Recently described species - Goodman, S. M. & Soarimalala, V. (2004) Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 117, 265-279. Goodman, S.M., Raxworthy, C. J., Maminirina, C.P. and Olson, L.E. 2006. A new species of shrew tenrec (Microgale jobihely) from northern Madagascar. Jour. of Zool., Lond. 270: 384-398.

11. Recognized as a distinct species by Olson, Goodman & Yoder (2004) Biol J Linn Soc 83: 1-22.

12. Recently described species - L. E. Olson, Z. Rakotomalala, K. B. P. Hildebrandt, C. Lanier, C. J. Raxworthy, AND S. M. Goodman. 2009. Phylogeography of Microgale brevicaudata (Tenrecidae) and Description of a New Species from Western Madagascar. Journal of Mammalogy 90:1095-1110.

Tenrecomorpha References

Heim de Balsac H. and F. Bourlière. 1955. Ordre des Insectivores.Systématique. In P.-P. Grassé (ed.): Mammifères: anatomie, éthologie, systématique. Traité de Zoologie 17: 1653-1697. Masson, Paris.

Geogaline, Tenrecine and Oryzorctine classification:

Bronner, G.N. and P.D. Jenkins. 2005. Order Afrosoricida. Pp. 70-81. In Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition. Wilson, D. E. and D.M. Reeder (eds.). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 2142 pp.

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